The Aztecs appear almost opposite and become a strong contender for the Incan civilization. In 1200 AD-1300 AD, Mexicans lived in 3 competing cities of Tenochtitlan, Texcoco, and Tlacopan. Around the year 1325, when the city created an alliance by establishing a new state in the Valley of Mexico. Actually in those days, people preferred the Mexican name, but the ruler turned it into an Aztec. The appearance of the Aztecs was in the same period as the period of the fall of the Mayans, the most distant civilizations in Mexico and Central America.
The city of Tenochtilan became a military force after the alliance had been struck. Meanwhile, other areas previously under their respective power must provide tribute to the "Triple Alliance" (the three-city alliance).
In the early 1500s, Aztec civilization was at the peak of its power. But then, Spain came up with their expansion plans. Ha This eventually led to a major battle between the Inca and the Spanish invaders alliance assisted by a genuine ally (the Mexicans who disliked the Aztec empire) led by Hernan Cortes in 1521. A defeat in this decisive battle ultimately led to the fall of the famous Aztec empire .
Ancient Roman society began to exist since around the 6th century BC. There are legends and myths that accompany the birth of the ancient Roamwi. Initially Rome was ruled by kings, but after the seven kings, Rome took power over their own city and governed themselves. They then had a council known as the "senate" who ruled. From this point Rome began to pioneer the "Republic". In its history, the Romans had several great emperors and were famous in human civilization, such as Julius Cesar, Trajan, and August. In the end the Roman Empire became so vast and impossible to make it under one government. The Roman Empire finally fell after being invaded by millions of barbarians from the north and east of Europe.
There was a time when ancient Persian civilization became the most powerful kingdom in the world. Despite being in power for only about 200 years, the Persian conquering managed to conquer many areas up to 2 million square miles. Starting from Egypt to Greece, then to India and even throughout Central Asia. The Persian Empire was known for its military strength and wise ruler. This happened in 550 BC. These areas are divided into factions among a number of leaders.
Persi's triumph began in the reign of King Cyrus II, later known as "The Great Cyrus" which united the entire Persian Kingdom. Then he proceeded to conquer ancient Babylon. In fact, he can conquer a region quickly. By the end of 533 BC, he had invaded India, far to the east. And even when Cyrus died, his bloodline continued to cruelly pace and even duel in the legendary battle of the Spartans. This ancient Persian glory changed when the legendary warrior from Macedonia led AlexanderAgung, conquered the Persian empire, so this great Persian civilization ended in 530 BC.
Greece is not the oldest civilization in the world, but it has become one of the most influential peradaba in the world ever. Although ancient Greek civilizations originated from the Cycladic and Minoan civilizations (2700 BC - 1500 BC), there is evidence of burial found in the Franchthi Cave in Argolid, Greece dated around 7250 BC. The history of this civilization has a long period of time as historians divide it into the classical period and the Hellenistic Archaic.
The period of ancient Greek civilization has attracted much attention. This is because the civilization has changed the rules in this world. To this day many people still talk about it. The Greeks created the ancient Olympics, the concept of democracy and the senate. They created the basis for modern geometry, biology, physics and others. Pythagoras, Archimedes, Socrates, Euclid, Plato, Aristotle, Alexander the Great, etc., are well-known Greek figures influential to this day. History books full of names are due to discoveries, theories, beliefs and heroics have a significant influence in subsequent civilizations
Ancient Chinese Empire known as Han China has the most diverse history among Chinese dynasties ever. The Yellow river civilization is said to be paramount for all Chinese civilizations because this is where the early dynasty is based. It was around 2700 BC that the legendary Yellow Emperor began his reign, a point in time which then led to the birth of many dynasties that took place to rule mainland China.
In 2070 BC, the Xia Dynasty became the first to rule the whole of China as described in the chronicles of ancient history. At that time, there came a number of dynasties in control of China in different periods of time until the end of the Qing Dynasty in 1912 CE with the Xinhai revolution. And so it ends the history of more than four thousand years of ancient Chinese civilization that fascinates historians and ordinary people to this day. Ancient Chinese civilization also gave the world some of the most useful inventions such as gunpowder, paper, printing, compass, alcohol, cannons and more.
Ancient Mayan civilizations flourished in Central America from about 2600 BC and have been much talked about in recent times because of the time in the calendar they have created. Once civilization was established, Maya became one of the most sophisticated civilizations with a large population of about 19 million at its peak. By 700 BC, the Mayans had designed their own writing that they used to create their own solar calendars carved in stone. According to them, the world was created on August 11, 3114 BC, which is the start date of their calendar and ends on December 21, 2012.
The ancient Mayans have a rich culture when compared to many contemporary civilizations. The Pyramids of the Mayans and Aztecs are much larger than the pyramids in Egypt. But the Mayan civilization that has come to an end has long been one of the most fascinating ancient mysteries of history. Why the Mayans who have a very sophisticated civilization and consists of more than 19 million people, suddenly collapsed in the 8th century or the 9th century ?. Nevertheless the Maya people have never fully disappeared, as their descendants still live throughout Central America.
Ancient Egypt is one of the oldest and richest cultures of civilization in this list. Ancient Egypt is known for its incredible culture of pyramids and sphinx to be proof of their progress. This magnificent pharaonian civilization lives on the banks of the Nile. Egyptian civilization united around 3150 BC (according to conventional Egyptian chronology) with Egyptian upper and lower Egyptian political unification under the first Pharaoh. Nonetheless there have been early settlers around the Nile Valley in the early 3500 BC.
The history of ancient Egypt occurred in a series of stable Empires, separated by periods of instability known as the Middle Period: the Old Kingdom from the beginning of the Bronze Age, the Middle Kingdom from the Middle Bronze Age and the New Kingdom of the Late Bronze Age. Ancient Egypt contributed to the world of pyramids, mummies to preserve ancient Pharaoh to this day, the first solar calendar, Hieroglyphics and more. Ancient Egypt culminated in the days of the New Kingdom, where Pharaohs like the Great Ramsee ruled with authority so that other contemporary civilizations of Nubia were also under Egyptian rule.
2. River Indus
Indus valley civilization appeared in the Indus valley region. This civilization flourished in areas stretching from what is now northeastern Afghanistan to Pakistan and northwest India. This civilization goes hand in hand with Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia. All three became one of the three early civilizations of the Old World. Indus Valley River Civilization has the widest area compared to the other three old civilizations. The area of this civilization is 1.25 million km2. Its population settled around the hollow of the Indus river, one of the great rivers of Asia, and another river named Ghaggar-Hakra through northeastern India and eastern Pakistan.
In the Indus River civilization there are the civilizations of Harappa and Mohenjo Daro-so named because of the excavation site in which the remains of civilization were found in both cities. The peak phase of this civilization is said to have lasted from 2600 BC to about 1900 BC. Both cities have a sophisticated and technologically advanced urban culture in the Indus Valley making it the first urban centers of the region.
Mesopotamia is considered the oldest civilization on earth since human evolution. This determination is based because there is no further evidence to be found that there has been a society before them. The ancient Mesopotamian timeline lasted about 3300 BC - 750 BC. Mesopotamia is generally credited to be the first place where civilized society really begins to form.
Around 8000 BC ancient humans began to discover the concept of agriculture, and slowly began to tame the animals that aimed for food as well as to assist in agriculture. It also has created art. But all this is part of human culture, not human civilization. And then Mesopotamia emerged which then added and formalized all these systems, combining humans to form the first civilization. They live prosperously in what is now modern Iraq. The Mesopotamian civilization came to be known as Babylon, Sumerian and Assyria.